The Douro valley, located in Northeast Portugal, or more precisely the Alto Douro Region has been producing wine for some two thousand years and was declared a Unesco World Heritage site as from 2001.
This is mountain viticulture at its best. The various types of terraces, testimony to human enterprise, cover the majority of the landscape especially in the Cima Corgo area at the heart of the Region.
The poor schistous soil, actually broken down rock, and Mediterranean micro-climate, together with the selected indigenous vine varieties contribute to the existence of this unique wine producing region, which was the first to be demarcated and regulated in 1757.
Covers some 30 hectares of land and includes vineyards, olive groves and other typically Mediterranean agricultural products.
Vineyards make up some 16 hectares of the total area. On the estate vines are planted from 90 meters above sea level up to 450 meters, the major area having a southeast- facing exposure with an average altitude of 250 meters, which is desirable for the production of grapes for Port. The higher altitudes with a more north-facing exposure are naturally a fresher locality and useful for the production of table wine grapes.
The different vine varieties have been selected and planted in order to obtain their maximum potential in such diverse conditions, 10% of the estate is still planted with traditional low yield vineyards which are over 70 years old. The majority of the “new” vineyards are now almost 30 years old.
The main warehouse used for the ageing of our wood ports has a capacity of some 105.000lts in wooden vats and casks.
The production capacity of the estate has increased from the original 16 pipes (550 liters/pipe) when purchased by the Hoelzer family in the early 1930’s to the present 110 pipes.